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    Georgia

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    Georgia (Georgian: საქართველო) is a country located in the Caucasus. They border Russia ( South Ossetia, Abkhazia), Türkiye, Armenia and Azerbaijan.

    Description[edit | edit source]

    Appearance[edit | edit source]

    They are seen as both genders equally. Georgia usually wears either traditional Georgian clothes called chokha or a black sweater, dark blue jeans and brown coat. They always wear a silver cross necklace. If drawn with hair, it is either black or matching the colours of the flag, either way it is often depicted as messy. Their eyes are normally dark brown.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    Georgia is very friendly, selfless and cheerful. They're a very religious person who respects their ancient traditions. They love guests and is known for their hospitality. There is even a Georgian saying which goes, "a guest is a gift from God."

    Interests[edit | edit source]

    • Dancing (their dances are bold, difficult, dynamic and quite fast with lots of leaping and singing)
    • Recreating old artefacts found on their lands
    • Cooking
    • Many foods and drink, such as wine, cheese, cherry plums and the herb, tarragon
    • Hiking and camping
    • Sword-fighting
    • Athletics, especially strength-based sports such as wrestling, weightlifting and judo

    Flag Meaning[edit | edit source]

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    The national flag of Georgia was originally a banner of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia and it was brought back to popular use in the late 20th and early 21st centuries during periods of the Georgian national revival. The Georgian flag is described as a white rectangle, with in its central portion a large red cross touching all four sides of the flag. In the four corners there are four bolnur-katskhuri crosses which are a Georgian cross symbol. They can also be linked with Christianity. The current flag was adopted in 2004 and is associated with the Georgian patriotic movement following their independence from the Soviet Union.

    Other symbols[edit | edit source]

    • Saint George (Patron Spirit)
    • Lion (National Animal)
    • The Wolf (Unofficially but popularly supported)
    • Khachpuri "Georgian Pizza"

    Nicknames[edit | edit source]

    • Geo
    • Wine
    • Land of the Wolves
    • Land of the Kartvelians

    Origin of the language[edit | edit source]

    Georgian language is a member of the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) family of languages. It has its own alphabet, which is thought to have evolved about the 5th century, and there are many dialects. A number of other Caucasian languages are spoken by minority groups; many are unwritten.

    Etymology[edit | edit source]

    The origin of the name "Georgia is heavily disputed amongst scholars, however, most believe the name of the country "Georgia" derives from the root "Kart", which is connected with the ancient tribal name "Cartu, Kardu, Khaldu".

    History[edit | edit source]

    Early kingdoms[edit | edit source]

    The Georgians knew themselves as Kartvelebi, tracing their origins to Noah’s great-great-grandson Kartlos. In classical times the two principal kingdoms were Colchis in the west (legendary home of the Golden Fleece and site of Greek colonies) and Kartli (also known as Iveria or Iberia) in the east and south, including some areas in modern Turkey and Armenia.

    When King Mirian and Queen Nana of Kartli were converted to Christianity by St Nino in the early 4th century, Georgia became the second country to adopt the Christian faith, a quarter of a century after Armenia. In the 5th century AD, western Georgia became tied to the expanding Byzantine Empire, while Kartli fell under Persian control. King Vakhtang Gorgasali (447–502), considered the father of the Georgian nation, briefly drove the Persians out and moved his capital from Mtskheta to the current seat of government, Tbilisi. But the Persians were back soon, to be followed in 654 by the Arabs, who set up an emirate at Tbilisi.

    The Bagrationi Dynasty[edit | edit source]

    Resistance to the Arabs came to be spearheaded by the Bagrationi dynasty of Tao-Klarjeti, a collection of principalities straddling the modern Georgian–Turkish border. They later added Kartli to their possessions, and when in 1001 these were inherited by King Bagrat III of Abkhazia (northwest Georgia), most of Georgia became united under one rule. The Seljuk Turk invasion in the 11th century set things back, but the Seljuks were gradually driven out by the young Bagrationi king Davit Aghmashenebeli (David the Builder; 1089–1125), who defeated them at Didgori in 1122 and recaptured nearby Tbilisi and made it his capital.

    Davit made Georgia the major Caucasian power and a centre of Christian culture and learning. Georgia reached its zenith under his great-granddaughter Queen Tamar (1184–1213), whose writ extended over much of present-day Azerbaijan and Armenia, plus parts of Turkey and southern Russia. Tamar is still so revered that Georgians today call her, without irony, King Tamar!

    Mongol Invasion[edit | edit source]

    The golden age ended violently with the arrival of the Mongols in the 1220s. King Giorgi the Brilliant (1314–46) did shake off the Mongol yoke, but then came the Black Death, followed by the Central Asian destroyer Timur (Tamerlane), who attacked eight times ­between 1386 and 1403.

    A devastated Georgia split into four main kingdoms: Kartli and Kakheti in the east, Imereti in the northwest and Samtskhe in the southwest. By the early 16th century, the Ottoman Turks (who had overrun Christian Constantinople in 1453) and the Persian Safavid Empire were vying for control of Transcaucasia. They continued to do so for over two centuries, with western Georgian statelets generally falling under Turkish control and eastern ones under the Persians. The Safavid Shah Abbas’ campaigns in eastern Georgia in the early 17th century were particularly savage. In 1744 a new Persian conqueror, Nader Shah, installed local Bagratid princes as kings of Kartli and Kakheti. One of them, Erekle II, ruled both kingdoms as a semi-independent state from 1762.

    Russian Rule[edit | edit source]

    Russian troops crossed the Caucasus for the first time in 1770 to assist Imereti’s liberation from the Turks. At the Treaty of Georgievsk in 1783, Erekle II accepted Christian Russian suzerainty in return for protection against his Muslim enemies. Russia went on to annex all the Georgian kingdoms and princedoms one by one during the 19th century, replacing the local or Turkish rulers with its own military governors.

    In the wake of the Russian Revolution, Georgia was briefly independent from 1918 to 1921, but it was invaded by the Red Army and incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1922. During the 1930s, like everywhere else in the USSR, Georgia suffered from the Great Terror unleashed by Joseph Stalin, a cobbler’s son from the Georgian town of Gori who had ingeniously taken control of the largest country on earth.

    Following Stalin’s death in 1953, Georgia began to enjoy a good quality of life – the 1960s and ’70s are looked back upon with nostalgia by older Georgians as a time of public order, peace and high living standards. Yet by the mid-1980s Mikhail Gorbachev began his policies of reform and the USSR disintegrated in just seven years.

    Independence[edit | edit source]

    Georgia’s bubbling independence movement became an unstoppable force after Soviet troops massacred 20 hunger strikers outside a government building in Tbilisi on 9 April 1989. Georgia’s now anti-Communist government, led by the nationalist intellectual Zviad Gamsakhurdia, declared Georgia independent of the USSR on 9 April 1991. Almost immediately the country descended into chaos. Heavy street fighting overtook Tbilisi in December 1991 as rebel paramilitary forces battled in the city centre to overthrow Gamsakhurdia. He fled to Chechnya and was replaced by a military council, which gained an international respectability when Eduard Shevardnadze agreed to lead it. Shevardnadze had been First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party from 1972 to 1985, and Soviet Foreign Minister under Mikhail Gorbachev from 1985 to 1991. He was elected chairman of the parliament and head of state on 11 October 1992.

    Shevardnadze’s presence did wonders for Georgia’s reputation abroad, but at home, devastating internal conflicts continued to worsen. A truce in June 1992 halted the conflict that had beset the region of South Ossetia since it had declared its unification with North Ossetia (in Russia) in 1989. But in August 1992 an even more serious conflict erupted in Abkhazia.

    In September 1993 Georgia suffered a comprehensive defeat in Abkhazia, and Gamsakhurdia tried to recapture power from Shevardnadze. A short but bloody civil war in western Georgia was only ended by Shevardnadze’s quick negotiation of support from Russian troops already in the country. Gamsakhurdia died on 31 December 1993, possibly by his own hand. The second major consequence of the defeat in Abkhazia was the enforced displacement of approximately 250, 000 Georgians from their homes there – a desperate humanitarian and economic burden for a country whose economy was already on the brink of collapse.

    The Rose Revolution[edit | edit source]

    For a decade after the Abkhazia debacle, Georgia oscillated between periods of relative peace and security and terrible crime waves, gang warfare, kidnappings, infrastructure collapse and rampant corruption. Shevardnadze at least staved off a total collapse into anarchy, but by the early years of the 21st century, with corruption rampant and economic progress slow, Georgians had lost all faith in him.

    Badly flawed parliamentary elections in November 2003 were the focus for a mass protest movement that turned into a bloodless coup, named the Rose Revolution after the flowers carried by the demonstrators. As the highly suspect election results were announced, protestors outside parliament in Tbilisi vowed to remain there until Shevardnadze resigned. Led by former Shevardnadze protégé Mikheil Saakashvili, a US-educated lawyer who now headed the opposition Georgian National Movement, the unarmed throng finally invaded parliament on 22 November. Humiliatingly bundled out of the back door by his bodyguards, Shevardnadze announced his resignation the next morning.

    The 36-year-old Saakashvili won presidential elections in January 2004 by a landslide and set the tone for his presidency by appointing a team of young, energetic, outward-looking ministers and announcing campaigns against the plague of corruption. He scored an early triumph within months of taking power when he faced down the semi separatist strongman of Georgia’s southwestern region of Adjara, Aslan Abashidze. Just when it seemed Georgia might be plunged into another civil war, Abashidze backed down and left for exile in Russia.

    Present Day[edit | edit source]

    Georgia enjoyed four years of relative stability following the Rose Revolution of 2003, which swept pro-Western Mikheil Saakashvili and his Georgian National Movement to power. But a new political crisis erupted in late 2007 as assorted opposition parties staged big street protests in Tbilisi against poverty, rising prices, and alleged corruption and authoritarianism in the Sgaakashvili government. Claiming that a coup d’état was threatened, President Saakashvili sent in riot police with water cannons and tear gas to clear the protests, declared a temporary state of emergency, and shut down the Imedi TV station, part-owned by his political opponent, tycoon Badri Patarkatsishvili.

    The level of force used against the protests horrified Georgians and alarmed Saakashvili's friends in the West, but the president stood by his justification and called a snap presidential election for January 2008. Saakashvili won this with 53% of the vote over an opposition which had been caught unprepared. which had been caught unprepared. International observers adjudged the election to be democratic despite some irregularities, but large opposition protests in Tbilisi over alleged electoral fraud continued even after Saakashvili’s inauguration for his new term.

    Parliamentary elections due in spring 2008 were likely to have a big influence on the course of events. A good showing by the opposition could lead to further protests and instability. It seems many Georgians still view mass public action, rather than elections, as the way to change a government.

    The crisis should at least have a sobering effect on the Saakashvili regime, which in its enthusiasm for free-market reforms is seen by many Georgians as insensitive, inflexible and uncaring. Georgia has won international praise for its business-friendly reforms, and a new breed of young, stylish, relatively wealthy Georgians is enjoying life as never before, shopping in glitzy new commercial centres, quaffing cocktails in fashionable bars and dancing to minimal techno in the nightclubs of Tbilisi and Batumi. But with a national average monthly income of just 107 GEL (US$61) by 2007, it's still a battle for most Georgian families to make ends meet, and Georgians still have scant faith in the integrity of their court system or politicians. Following his inauguration in 2008, Saakashvili promised to reduce unemployment, raise pensions and introduce new social welfare measures.

    Domestic troubles aside, Georgia's biggest headache is its fraught relations with Russia. Georgia's pro-Western stance and desire to join NATO has given Russia the heebie jeebies, and Russia is generally believed to support the separatist regimes in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In 2006 the Kremlin banned imports of Georgian wine and mineral water, suspended flights, shipping and money transfers between the two countries, and closed the last remaining border crossing.

    Meanwhile Georgia is trying to resolve the South Ossetia issue by supporting those in the enclave who favour a federal status within Georgia, rather than incorporation within Russia. In Abkhazia Georgia has installed what it considers to be the legitimate regional government in the one small area it controls, the upper Kodori valley. Georgia offers Abkhazia broad autonomy on the condition that the estimated 250,000 Georgian refugees, driven out in the 1992–93 war, can return. But Abkhazia says it won’t even talk until Georgia withdraws from the Kodori valley.

    In 2008, there was an armed conflict in South Ossetia. As a result of these events, Georgia completely lost control over South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and Russia and several other countries recognized them as independent republics, which was the reason for a sharp deterioration in Georgian-Russian relations.

    Organizations and Affiliations[edit | edit source]

    Politics[edit | edit source]

    Often considered to be a “beacon of democracy” in the post-Soviet space, Georgia has publicly committed itself to establishing the rule of law and building Western-style democratic institutions. As Georgia’s ambitions to draw closer to Europe and the transatlantic community have grown and the country has assertively reclaimed its European identity, its relations with neighboring Russia have deteriorated. Simultaneously, as the government has increasingly turned to the West as the guarantor of the country’s security and counted on eventual inclusion in Western economic, political and security structures, Georgia has tried to reject its post-Soviet identity and achieve full membership of European and Euro-Atlantic structures. No longer willing to be labelled merely as a post-Soviet state, nor wishing to be identified with the volatile and fragmented Caucasus region, the Georgian polity sees its ties with the Black Sea community as a way to become affiliated with the rest of Europe. This policy brief examines Georgia’s foreign policy orientation and the role of identity politics and attempts to identify the key causes and motivations pushing Tbilisi towards European integration.

    Government[edit | edit source]

    Georgia is currently in the process of changing its government from presidential system to parlimential.

    Diplomacy[edit | edit source]

    Georgia is good at diplomacy thanks to their friendly nature. They's trying to have the best possible relations with other countries, especially the United States and the European Union.

    Geography[edit | edit source]

    With the notable exception of the fertile plain of the Kolkhida Lowland—ancient Colchis, where the legendary Argonauts sought the Golden Fleece—the Georgian terrain is largely mountainous, and more than a third is covered by forest or brushwood. There is a remarkable variety of landscape, ranging from the subtropical Black Sea shores to the ice and snow of the crest line of the Caucasus. Such contrasts are made more noteworthy by the country’s relatively small area. The rugged Georgia terrain may be divided into three bands, all running from east to west.

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Family[edit | edit source]

    • Greece - Cousins
    • Armenia - Cousins
    • Abkhazia — child
    • South Ossetia — child

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    Neutral[edit | edit source]

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Russia - "How dare you support my Separatist child?!"
    • South Ossetia
    • Abkhazia

    Opinions[edit | edit source]

    United States[edit | edit source]

    Georgian–American relations continue to be very close and encompass multiple areas of bilateral cooperation. As a key U.S. ally in the war on terror, Georgia was the third largest troop contributor in the Iraq War and is currently the largest per-capita contributor to the U.S. led mission in Afghanistan. The United States for its part is actively assisting Georgia in strengthening its state institutions in face of increasing pressure from its northern neighbor Russia and has provided the country with financial assistance in excess of 3 billion dollars since 1991. Since 2009, Georgian–American relations are streamlined by the U.S.– Georgia Charter on Strategic Partnership, which created four bilateral working groups on priority areas of democracy; defense and security; economic, trade, energy issues, people-to-people and cultural exchanges.

    Georgia in 2004-2008 sought to become a member of NATO but did not succeed in the face of strong Russian opposition. In February 2012, it was agreed that the U.S. and Georgia will start working on a Free Trade Agreement which, if materialized, will make Georgia the only European country to have such treaty with the United States. American citizens visiting Georgia currently do not require a visa for entry. Citizens will receive a 90-day tourist visa at the country's entry points.

    According to the 2012 U.S. Global Leadership Report, 51% of Georgians approve of U.S. leadership, with 15% disapproving and 34% uncertain.

    The United States works closely with Georgia to promote mutual security, counterterrorism interests and provides Georgia with bilateral security assistance, including English-language and military professional training, through the International Military Education and Training (IMET) program.

    The multi-year Georgia Train and Equip Program (GTEP) ended in 2004, achieving its intended goals of enhancing Georgia's military capability and stimulating military reform. Launched in January 2005, the Georgia Sustainment and Stability Operations Program has advanced GTEP's goals and trained the Georgian contingent participating in coalition operations in Iraq. Partnership with the Georgia (U.S.) National Guard, visits by the Sixth Fleet, the Coast Guard to Georgia, and the Bilateral Working Group on Defense and Military Cooperation are also important components of American security relationship with Georgia.

    Promoting democracy and reform is another strategic pillar of America's bilateral relationship with Georgia. In April 2006, as part of these reforms Georgia passed a strong anti-human trafficking law and has since then ranked consistently among Tier 1 countries of the State Department's report on trafficking in persons, meaning that the country now fully complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.

    Azerbaijan[edit | edit source]

    Trade and travel have been open with Azerbaijan for centuries,

    Turkey[edit | edit source]

    Like Azerbaijan, trade and travel have been open for centuries between Turkey and Georgia. However, the years of the Ottoman Empire is not forgotten so they keep things pretty platonic.

    Armenia[edit | edit source]

    Armenia and George were best friends in the far past, but too many things started happening and they sort of stop hanging out as much. Their relations began in the 6th Century (451 A.D.) with the council of Chalcedon in where their beliefs separated with Armenia became Apostolic Orthodox, which have lots of similarities with Coptic, Ethiopian, and Syriac branches and with Georgia staying Eastern Orthodox like most of Eastern Europe. Armenia also sided with Russia with the Abkhazia and South Ossetia dispute.

    Ukraine[edit | edit source]

    Georgia and Ukraine share a lot of history together, as they have many cultural events to celebrate their friendship. In 1917, both countries recognized each other after they got brief independence after the Russian Revolution. They also fought together during their time as part of the Soviet Union, and they got independence at similar times. In 1992, Ukraine aided Georgia against the Russian-backed separatists in Abkhazia. Georgia and Ukraine continued to have a good relationship, and ever since they got independence from The Soviet Union, they saw each other as strategic partners and made some political and cultural ties. They also maintain pro-western political orientation and aspire to join NATO and the European Union. Their relations began to sour in 2015, but it improved again in November 2016. It seems related to the fact that both of them feel the pain of the other in addition to their continued support for each other, whether this is political or economic so that their people express their union and solidarity in light of the crisis they face, both of whom bear grudge and hatred towards Russia for occupying their territories (Russia occupied Crimea, parts of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts who are Ukrainian regions and they also occupied Abkhazia and South Ossetia who are Georgian regions).

    Estonia[edit | edit source]

    Like stated above, the countries bond over dealing with Russian aggression.

    Latvia[edit | edit source]

    Like stated above, the countries bond over dealing with Russian aggression.

    Lithuania[edit | edit source]

    Like stated above, the countries bond over dealing with Russian aggression.

    Russia[edit | edit source]

    Even after the whole South Ossetia and Abkhazi situation and the USSR, Georgia still have a secret soft spot for them, lots of Georgians and Russians live in the other countries respectively and enjoy visiting each other's countries. However, this may be used as an excuse to protect Russian minorities. But politically, they still despise each other and Georgia wishes they would stop messing around and supporting their rebellious children. And they enjoy carrying a rose of some sort to piss Russia off when they meet.

    Georgia (State)[edit | edit source]

    Taking quite an inspiration from Polandball, it may seem like Georgia and Georgia despise each other for having the same name, but it's the complete opposite. Since Georgia and America are already friends, Georgia likes the states too. Georgia was even paired up with Sakartvelo in the SPP the state partnership program where U.S. states national guards get paired up with foreign countries.

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Fan-Art[edit | edit source]

    Flags/Symbols[edit | edit source]

    Regions[edit | edit source]

    Trivia[edit | edit source]

    • Georgians call their country Sakartvelo. The name consists of two parts: Kartveli, which refers to an inhabitant of the core central Georgian region of Karli-Iberia, and the circumfix sa-o is a usual geographic for indicating the “land where Kartveli live.” It’s not known where the English name of the country came from, though there is a theory that might explain it. St. George is believed to be the patron saint of Georgia, and thus the name might have been coined by Christian reformers in the Middle Ages.
    • The First Europeans came from Georgia.
    • No one speaks the Georgian language except for Georgians. The Georgian language among 14 unique languages in the world and has its own alphabet. Georgian script used to be three different languages throughout its existence – Nuskhuri, Asomtaruli, and Mkhedruli. The one that Georgians use today is the latter and has 33 letters.
    • It is one of the most ecologically diverse places in the world.
    • Stalin actually came from Georgia.
    • An archeological expedition in Dmanisi found the oldest human skulls in the Caucasus, suggesting that a man from Africa traveled to Europe through Georgia. The 1.8-million-year-old skulls are the remains of a human couple of Georgians called Zezva and Mzia. It is without a doubt that Georgia is a homeland of the first European.
    • Georgia has been producing wine for at least 8,000 years and is considered to be the birthplace of the beverage. The production of the wine was accidental. The grape juice poured in a shallow pit and was buried under the ground, turning it into wine. UNESCO has listed the traditional Georgian winemaking method – in a clay jar called a Qvevri – on its Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list.

    Extra(s)[edit | edit source]

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    • Freedom of Speech: in the World
    • Tolerance & Inclusion: in the World
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    Links[edit | edit source]


    References[edit | edit source]

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