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    Ireland

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    Ireland is situated in the North West of Europe, shares its borders with Northern Ireland and has access to the Atlantic sea. It has been a member of the European Union since 1973. Ireland is not a very well-known Country Humans character yet.[1]

    Not to be confused with Northern Ireland, a region of the United Kingdom. The republic is thankfully independent of the United Kingdom.

    Description[edit | edit source]

    Appearance[edit | edit source]

    They are usually seen wearing a plain green shirt, darker green overcoat, brown jeans, a grey scarf, and a grey cap.

    Their body can be all white, but also sometimes the left arm can be green and the right one orange; due to the flags stripes.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    Ireland is a young country, by international standards, as they only gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1921, making them just under a century old. Although they are often stereotyped as being constantly drunk, this idea comes from "paddywhackery", the English portrayal of the Irish in plays. Ireland, until recently, was actually a quite conservative country. They were often swayed and controlled by the Catholic Church. They're still easily influenced by "stronger" countries.They find their own language (Gaeilge) difficult sometimes, and they enjoy sports. They find it difficult to learn from their mistakes.

    Interests[edit | edit source]

    • Cow farming (beef, milk)
    • Complaining about the weather
    • Alcohol
    • Irish dancing
    • Gaelic football, and hurling. They're also partial to rugby, but has no talent for football.

    Flag meaning[edit | edit source]

    Its three equal stripes illustrate the Irish political landscape as accurately today as in 1848, the year the flag was first unfurled.

    Color, meaning HEX RGB
    The green color signifying Irish Catholics and the republican cause. #009A63 0, 154, 99
    The white color representing the hope for peace between them. #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255
    The orange color standing for Irish Protestants. #FF823D 255, 130, 61

    Others symbols[edit | edit source]

    • "Amhrán na bhFiann", shamrocks, the harp, the colour green and St. Patrick.

    Nicknames[edit | edit source]

    • The Emerald Isle
    • The Green Isle
    • The Grin Erin
    • The Celtic Tiger
    • Silk of the kine
    • Paddy (for England)

    Etymology[edit | edit source]

    Ireland come from the name of the ancient matron godess of the country: Eriu (from the Proto-Celtic area) with the the germanic word "land". 

    Origin of languages[edit | edit source]

    Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, itself a part of the Indo-European language family. Irish originated on the island of Ireland and was the language of most of the population until the late 18th century.

    History[edit | edit source]

    First People[edit | edit source]

    Ireland has been home to people since 8000BC. The first settlement was at Mountsandel. These people crossed over in boats from Scotland.

    Celts[edit | edit source]

    The Celts arrived in Ireland between 800 and 400 BC- this arrival is viewed by the majority of historians as an invasion.

    According to historian T.F. O'Rahilly, they invaded in 4 waves.

    • The Cruithne or Priteni arrived between 700 – 500 BC
    • The Builg or Érainn arrived around 500 BC
    • The Laigin, the Domnainn and the Gálioin arrived around 300 BC
    • The Goidels or Gael arrived around 100 BC

    The Celts brought new culture, myths, and language (Gaelige, or Irish). They also brought Brehon Law, the system of law the Irish used up until the invasion of the British. The Celts were pagans, and are accredited with the invention of Samhain, or Halloween.

    The Arrival of Christianity[edit | edit source]

    Christianity is believed to have arrived in Ireland between 400 and 500 AD. This is usually credited to Saint Patrick, whose feast is celebrated on the 17th of March. Saint Patrick converted an Irish chieftain, and the religion spread outwards from him. Saint Patrick is also credited banishing snakes from Ireland, but this is untrue, as Ireland is to cold for snakes to have lived there in the first place. Many monasteries were set up in Ireland, and as a result, many Christian artifacts were created on the island, such as the Book of Kells.

    Viking Invasions[edit | edit source]

    The Viking Invasions lasted in Ireland for 200 years, from 800 AD. The Vikings seized anything of monetary value they could get their hands on from Ireland, such as his people, and wealth. The Vikings most notable settlement was Dyflinn, or Dublin, which is still the biggest city in Ireland. In 999 AD, the Vikings were defeated and cast out of Ireland by Brian Boru.

    Plantations[edit | edit source]

    The English monarchs King Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, Mary I, and James I, wanted more control over Ireland. At the time of King Henry VIII, an area surrounding Dublin, the Pale, was already owned by England. Henry introduced the "surrender and re-grant" scheme, which urged Irish clan leaders to adopt English titles. This wasn't a very effective method of invasion. His daughter, Mary I (known as Bloody Mary), became annoyed with the Irish due to their constant attacks and raids on the Pale. She sent soldiers to seize land from the Irish, and then "planted" English settlers on the land. This was the Laois and Offaly plantation.

    Elizabeth I feared that Ireland would be used as a backdoor for an invasion from Spain, so she used the same strategy as her sister and sent soldiers to Munster, taking the land and moving in English replacements for the Irish. A group of Irish Lords rebelled, resulting in a 9 Years War. They were defeated by the English at the Battle of Kinsale, and fled to Europe, leaving Ireland largely unprotected. James I saw this as an opportunity and planted the Lords' land in Ulster. Scottish and English settlers were sent over, bringing Protestantism with them. This lead to conflict between the Irish and the new settlers. Eventually, there was a buildup of resentment within the native Irish, and they killed multiple settlers (roughly 4,000) in 1641. The new English leader, Oliver Cromwell was furious, and in 1652 he slaughtered the native Irish throughout the island, and planted the entire area. From this point onwards, Ireland was under English control completely.

    1798 Rebellion[edit | edit source]

    A group of rebels called the United Irishmen, lead by Wolfe Tone, looked for Independence from Britain. They were influenced by the French and American Revolutions. Up until this point, Ireland had it's own parliament in Dublin. After the rebellion, this was revoked and the power was taken away from the Irish.

    The Great Hunger[edit | edit source]

    The Great Hunger occurred between 1845 and 1849, due to a blight in the potato crop. This made all of the potatoes unsuitable for consumption. The potato was the staple crop for roughly 4 million people, meaning that starvation became common. Because of this starvation, disease became widespread, which was the main cause of death for many of the Irish. Since most of the land at this time was controlled by English landlords, and thousands of families were evicted from their homes after being unable to pay rent, which only exasperated the problem. Due to starvation and disease approximately 1 million people died, and a further approximate 2 million emigrated from Ireland on what would later be dubbed coffin ships, mainly to the United States, Canada and Australia.

    Some historians regard this as a genocide due to the lack of help provided by the United Kingdom. Many landlords went bankrupt, and Irish nationalism and dislike for the English grew dramatically.

    The Easter Rising[edit | edit source]

    The Easter Rising was an Irish rebellion during the Easter Week of 1916. The Irish Republican Brotherhood, along with other Irish militias, stormed the General Post Office and other key locations throughout Dublin, and declared Ireland a republic. This didn't work, and the leaders were arrested and most were killed, aside from one who had American citizenship. Ireland was put under Martial Law, and this event helped to revitalize the Irish Independence movement.

    The Irish War Of Independence[edit | edit source]

    The Easter Rising brought more support to the Irish Republican Army, and after Sinn Féin won many seats in the English Parliament during the December 1918 elections, fighting broke out after Sinn Féin declared Ireland's independence. After 3 years of bloody conflict, Ireland was recognized as a republic by the "Government of Ireland Act" which split Ireland into a Republic, and Northern Ireland. However, this was not complete independence, as Ireland would remain a part of the British Commonwealth under the name "Irish Free State" until April 18, 1938.

    The Troubles[edit | edit source]

    From the late 60's to 1998, a pseudo-civil war broke out in Ireland and Northern Ireland. The Provisional IRA fought the Ulster paramilitaries and the British Army forces. The IRA hoped for a United Ireland. Many civilians were caught in the crossfire, and both sides ordered terror attacks (most famously car bombs). It was a horrible time for the people of Ireland, and it tainted the reputation of the Irish people in the UK. This conflict ended in 1998 with the Good Friday Agreement, but both sides are still on edge.

    Ireland Today[edit | edit source]

    Ireland is a neutral country which doesn't fight in wars. Ireland also does not have a big military. Ireland is slowly trying to reintroduce Irish culture to their people. Irish popular culture is similar to that of most Western countries, but it has its own flairs (joking about the president, GAA, and mocking the Examination Commission, to name a few). As of 2020, Ireland's taoiseach (equivalent to the USA's president, or the UK's Prime Minister) is Micheál Martin, and his president (diplomatic figurehead) is Michael D. Higgins.

    Organizations and Affiliations[edit | edit source]

    Politics[edit | edit source]

    Government[edit | edit source]

    Diplomacy[edit | edit source]

    United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

    Geography[edit | edit source]

    File:Ireland flag map.svg

    The island's main geographical features include low central plains surrounded by coastal mountains. The highest peak is Carrauntoohil (Irish: Corrán Tuathail), which is 1,041 meters (3,415 ft) above sea level. The western coastline is rugged, with many islands, peninsulas, headlands and bays- these natural features generate tourism for the island. Ireland has many rivers, the largest of which being the River Shannon, which is 360.5km long. Ireland is split into 4 provinces; Leinster, Munster, Ulster and Connacht. Total area of Ireland is 70 273 km².

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Family[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    • Poland - " Poland and i, we have a strong relations. Polish is the most spoken foreign language in my land. Good on ya, friend!"
    • Argentina - "Both of us share a history of Irish culture due to the fact that more than 50,000 Irish settlers emigrated to Argentina. Argentina is home to the fifth largest Irish community abroad and the largest in a non-English speaking country. More than half a million Argentines claim Irish heritage. Good job my friend!"
    • United States - "According to the governments of the United States and Ireland, relationships have long been based on common ancestral ties and shared values. In addition to regular dialogue on political and economic issues, the United States US and Irish governments hold official exchanges in areas such as medical research and education."
    • Scotland - "We both traditionally dislike the English. However, our relationship may be considered slightly strained by Scotland's role in the Ulster Plantation."
    • Germany - "My important trading partner. Smart person, I hope our relationship will be even better in time!"
    • France — "Supported me in all wars and very often supported me in my ideas."
    • Wales — "Strange dude, but reliable enough and better that England. It's a pity, they never regained their independence."
    • China - "An important trading partner, everything is mutual: I support them, they supports me."
    • Palestine - "I’m really sorry, you don’t deserve this, friend. The other europeans may be blinded by that thing but I won’t. I’m working towards recognizing you, truly, I am!"

    Neutral[edit | edit source]

    • United Kingdom (sometimes strained) - "Ordered the Plantations on my land, and tried to suppress the Irish population. Occasionally considered responsible for the Irish Famine. Not really sure what to feel about ya."
    • Denmark
    • Belarus - "I think we'd be mates, but their jokes that they likes potatoes more than I do."
    • Norway
    • Taiwan - "You're definitely not the real China, and China should be alone."
    • Israel - "I really don’t know what to say. You’ve broke loads of human rights laws by your acts towards the poor Palestinians. But, then again, history repeats itself I guess. You’re doing what they did to you. The irony."

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    Former Neutral[edit | edit source]

    • Russia (until 2022) - " Russia and me often co-operate on trade deals. Though, you can be intimidating sometimes"

    Former Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Northern Ireland (previously) - " Northern Ireland is mostly Protestant, while I is mostly Catholic. This, along with UK relations has led to some conflict between the us."

    Past Versions[edit | edit source]

    • Kingdom of Dublin
    • Kingdom of Ireland
    • Lordship of Ireland

    Opinions[edit | edit source]

    Scotland[edit | edit source]

    Scotland and Ireland are usually depicted as good friends, but their friendship is not as easy as people often assume it is. Scotland is part of the United Kingdom, an entity which oppressed and enslaved Ireland for centuries. This, along with differences in religion can make things tense between the two countries. Ireland recognises that Scotland is being treated poorly by the Union, and hopes they can leave or solve their problems soon. 

    United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

    Although relations are much better than how they were even a few decades ago. Ireland remembers what Great Britain did, even though the United kingdom would rather forget what they did entirely. Brexit, and other missteps in negotiations have made things volatile again, and Ireland does not like the way the UK is treating Scotland.

    Poland[edit | edit source]

    Ireland and Poland have had similar experiences. Both have been suppressed by other nations. Their relationship strengthened in 1981 when the Irish-Polish Society went containers worth €278,495.00 ($315,495.00) of medicines, powdered milk, baby food, and clothes to Poland. Polish is the most commonly spoken foreign language in Ireland (after English). However, their relations have become slightly strained due to Poland's right-wing leanings as of 2019.

    Spain[edit | edit source]

    Spain has aided Ireland multiple times in attempting to break free from the United Kingdom. Ireland provides plenty of tourism to Spain as well. Spanish students often come to Ireland to learn English.

    Northern Ireland[edit | edit source]

    Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland have odd relations. Some Irish and Northern Irish people want a United Ireland, whilst many others don't. This is largely because of the Ulster plantations and the religious device between Catholics and Protestants. There are even peace walls to separate them. 

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Fan-art[edit | edit source]

    Flag/Symbol[edit | edit source]

    Provinces[edit | edit source]

    Trivia[edit | edit source]

    • Sometimes they can be seen with Scotland. They can be "drinking buddies" but also enemies at the same time.
      • They may be friends more often as they both wanted independence from the United Kingdom at some point.
      • Ireland has not forgotten Scotland's role in their oppression however, which can make their friendship difficult.
      • They are sometimes depicted as the parent of Scotland due to the fact of both countries being similar with cuisines, languages, culture etc. That originated to Ireland and spread through Scotland.
    • Ireland is sometimes depicted similar to the popular Irish YouTuber, Jacksepticeye, which is slightly inaccurate, considering that Jacksepticeye's stage personality is an exaggeration of the American stereotype of the Irish people.
    • Ireland runs their own sports association, the GAA.
    • Ireland has the most native English speakers in the world.
    • Ireland has two national anthems- "Amhrán na bhFiann", and "Ireland's Call" (which is used at Rugby matches).
    • Although Irish is listed as one of Ireland's official languages, it is a dying language. It is listed as an endangered language however it is still taught in schools. This was mainly caused due to England invading Ireland.
    • Ireland has won Eurovision 7 times, which is the highest number of wins.
    • Ireland's national plant/flower is the shamrock and their national animal is a red deer.
    • Ireland's human development index is 0.942, which is very high.
    • Ireland has the third-largest consumption of tea per capita.
    • The longest place name in Ireland is Muckanaghederdauhaulia.
    • Ten million pints of Guinness are produced in Dublin every day.
    • The harp is the national symbol of Ireland and not the shamrock. It is featured on the front of Irish passports.
    • The White House was designed by an Irishman.
    • Bram Stoker, who wrote Dracula, was from Dublin.
    • The submarine was invented in Ireland by John Philip Holland.
    • More people speak English than Irish in Ireland.
    • Only 9% of Irish people are natural gingers.
    • Since the Catholics and Protestants (or the people are too religious), but in Ireland has schools for Protestants and Catholics.
    • Ireland is home to the oldest pub in the world, built in 1198 and still operating.

    Extra(s)[edit | edit source]

    • Religion:
    • Urbanization:
    • Social Progress Index: in the World
    • Basic Human needs: in the World
    • Social Opportunities: in the World
    • Health & Wellness: in the World
    • Basic Medical Care: in the World
    • Personal Safety: in the World
    • Access to Education: in the World
    • Access to Information: in the World
    • Advanced Education: in the World
    • Personal Freedom: in the World
    • Personal Rights: in the World
    • Freedom of Speech: in the World
    • Tolerance & Inclusion: in the World
    • Women Equality:
    • Tolerance for Minorities: in the World
    • Tolerance for Homosexual: in the World
    • GDP:
    • Unemployment:
    • Currency:
    • Telephones:
    • Mobile Phones:
    • Internet Users:

    References[edit | edit source]

    Links[edit | edit source]

    ru:Ирландия

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