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    New Zealand

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    New Zealand is a country located in the southwest Pacific Ocean, which is split into two islands - the north and the south. While New Zealand does not have land borders, it lies east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and south of the islands New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga.

    Description[edit | edit source]

    Appearance[edit | edit source]

    New Zealand is most commonly portrayed as female. Typically, they are seen dressed in an outfit consisting of a purple turtleneck and jeans, with a flower of some sorts (most often coloured purple) decorating their head. When drawn as male, they can be depicted wearing a white t-shirt and jeans with tears on the knees, as well as having multiple tattoos on their shoulder/upper arm. (The design of the tattoos varies depending on the artist, but usually represents New Zealand's culture in some way). Regardless of gender, they can also be seen wearing traditional Māori clothing. They are also sometimes seen with horns or other sheep-like features in their design, due to New Zealand being well known for its history of sheep farming.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    New Zealand is often shown with a shy personality, mostly because of how often they are ignored and forgotten about, especially compared to their siblings. However, they tend to open up more around neighbouring countries such as Tonga and Samoa. They are closest to their sibling Australia, looking up to them a lot. They can also be stubborn when they need to. Overall they are a very polite and friendly person, with a personality fairly similar to how some fans depict Canada.

    Throughout history, New Zealand has also proven to be powerful and capable. They are strong-minded and know exactly what they want at times. They will not step-down until proven wrong, as seen with their wars against the United Kingdom.

    New Zealand is strongly against nuclear weapons, especially after the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior.

    Interests[edit | edit source]

    • Rugby
    • Traditional Celebrations
    • Sheep
    • Kiwi (the bird, not the fruit)
    • Bungy Jumping
    • Haka

    Flag meaning[edit | edit source]

    The flag of New Zealand is based on the British maritime Blue Ensign, consisting of a dark blue background, with a Union Jack in the canton/upper hoist corner of the design - defaced with four red stars centred within four white stars, arranged to represent the southern cross constellation. The Union Jack represents New Zealand's origins as a British colony. The southern cross, being one of the most striking features in the southern hemisphere sky, has been used to represent New Zealand and other nearby countries since the early days of European settlement.

    Nicknames[edit | edit source]

    • Aotearoa
    • Kiwi

    Etymology[edit | edit source]

    In 1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to discover New Zealand, calling it Staten Land. In 1645, Dutch cartographers renamed the land Nova Zeelandia, after Zeeland, a province in the Netherlands. British explorer James Cook later anglicised the name to New Zealand.

    Origin of Language[edit | edit source]

    The native language of New Zealand, Te Reo Māori, is a branch off the rest of the Polynesian. There is no written form of communication of Maori language dated, but used in other methods such as carving, knots, or weaving.

    Other Symbols[edit | edit source]

    New Zealand's national bird and flower is the flightless native bird, the Kiwi. It has no official status as a symbol. They do not also have a flower, but a national silver fern. Other symbols that are not official but represent New Zealand is Manuka Honey, Sheep, Wine, Lord of the Rings, Rugby, and the Haka.

    Flag[edit | edit source]

    The flag of New Zealand was officially adopted in 1902. Their flag features a blue background with 4 small red and white stars which represent the Northern Star. New Zealand's flag also features a Union Jack in its canton.

    In 2016, a referendum was held in New Zealand to change its flag (due to the Union Jack being an archaic canton) but it failed to change the status quo.

    History[edit | edit source]

    Polynesian Arrival[edit | edit source]

    New Zealand's dated back around AD 800-900, where the first Polynesians arrived at New Zealand. They used voyages to navigate through the winds and ocean currents, and observing the stars. This navigation technqiue would be credited in some traditions which involves the discovery of New Zealand, Kupe.

    First Landing and Sighting of New Zealand[edit | edit source]

    The first ever person to notice New Zealand was Abel Tasman, a Dutch seafarer and explorer to ever take sight of the land in 1642. They anchored at Wharewharangi Bay, near Wainui Inlet which is north of the present Abel Tasman National Park, on the 18th of December.

    The meeting of European and Maori was intense, yet peaceful. The Dutch had a violent encounter with local Ngāti Tūmatakōkiri, to where the Dutch left and nicknamed New Zealand, 'The place of Moordenaers' (Murderers) and sailing east. They ended to the coast of the North Island, Manawatu. They sheltered there from a storm and then celebrated the first Christmas dinner in New Zealand.

    They continued up the coast of the North island where they reached Cape 'Maria Van Diemen' (who is named after van Diemen's wife). As they travelled for fresh water, investigating Great Island in the Three Kings group, they were put off a heavy surf and rocky shore. Not to mention the 35 inhabitants who shouted with 'a rough loud voice' and threw stones from the cliff-tops.

    Sailing north-east of the course, the expedition had gotten them to Tonga, New Zealand's neighbouring sister country, and defence partner.

    Captain James Cook[edit | edit source]

    Captain James Cook was an English navigator who sighted New Zealand on the 6th of October, 1769. They landed in Poverty Bay two days later, to where he drew a detailed and accurate maps of the country, and also wrote about the Māori people. Though, his first encounter with it was not anywhere successful - nor peaceful. A fight broke out which resulted in a few Māori's being killed. But, this did not change any other encounters that him and his crew faced when meeting other Māori's on the island.

    Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, those who sailed with James Cook, had gathered a great deal of information about the country's plants and animals. These records founded by the two gentemen came the foundation of the modern study of New Zealand's botany. On two other voyages, Captain James Cook used New Zealand as a base to prove that a greater, southern continent did not exist in the pacific.

    Migration of others[edit | edit source]

    Several voyagers and explorers, many such as the french, visited New Zealand in years after Cook's first visit. The important of these migrators, is Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville, who sailed through the dangerous French Pass in the Marlborough Sounds. He investigates the east coast of the North Island.

    Though he was not the only one, the French explorer, March Joseph Marion du Fresne, anchored at the Bay of Islands in the mid 1772's, but Māori tribal groups within the area were at war. The presence of the French made the matters even worse, to where Marion du Fresne and 24 others were killed.

    Other people who migrated there were sealers, whalers, and missionaries who visited around the 1800s.

    The Musket Wars[edit | edit source]

    Between 1818 and the 1830s, Māori were killed in a series of conflict. These wars were New Zealand-wide, to where it begun because of the rivarly of the northern iwi, Ngāti Whātua and Ngāpuhi. This tribe was able to get their hands on some muskets. Heavy fighting beyond the tribe took place in the South Island between Ngāti Toa and Ngāi Tahu. At Kai huanga, on the Banks Peninsula, the fighting was even closer to home.

    The only taken threats out of these attacks were Te Rauparaha and Ngāti Toa attacks regions. This devastated the pacifist Moriori during their invasion of Rēkohu, the Chatham Islands.

    These wars had seen as a 'fatal impact' of contact with Europeans. The natives had grabbed all the guns they could afford, killing their rivals as fast as they could. The introduction of the European technology was responsible for these wars. Māori had always fought in rival kin groups, and warfare was both their 'integral part of the Māori political system' and 'legitimate cultural response to offences or crimes of any kind'. The conflict had increased as the population grew wider. Resources were on high demand as for they had depleted. This response multiplied. Wars fought in autumn - food stored for later winter - and using hand-to-hand weapons such as the mere and patu. These were often ritualised affairs that caused relatively few deaths. The victors increased the land, booty, and mana. The losers sometimes had to migrate to less, desirable unpopulated areas.

    These wars soon died out, though taking thousands of lives, due to the European Diseases that were spreading across the country.

    Taranaki and Waikato Wars[edit | edit source]

    The Waikato Leader Pōtatau Te Wherowhero was elected the first Māori king, and his primary aim of the Māori king movement was to unite tribes against land being sold by pakeha. Settlers, politictans and others were believed and concerned about this development, which will implicit a challenge to the british crown.

    To bring the British Crown in, the opportunity to do so was when a minor Te Āti Awa chief, Te Teira Mānuka, offered land at Waitara in North Taranaki to governor Thomas Gore Browne. Resistance to this sale from another chief, Wiremu Kīngi, soon led the outbreaks of the Taranaki War.

    New Plymouth, besieged, british troops faield to lure Te Āti Awa, Ngāti Ruanui and their Waikato allies into a decisive battle. The fighters from the Waikato was of particular concern to the authorities. A truce was agreed in 1861, but its situation would remain unresolved. Hostilities recommenced in 1963 in Taranaki, right on the eve of the governments invasion of Waikato.

    George Grey was brought back in 1861 for a second term as governer. He was credited for the ending of the Northern War in 1846, and seen as a man to sort out colony's problems. Using the class, 'carrot and stick', he promised Māori locals that they will get auytonomy while at the same time, building a military road from Auckland to the Waikato River. It was the main artery to the Kīngitanga (chief) heartland.

    Māori's were sent an ultimatum to pledge allegiance to Queen Victoria, while Grey invaded Waikato in July 1863. Lieutenant, General Duncan Cameron's 12,000 imperial troops had faced fewer then 5000 part-time fighters. They had to provide their owwn food and supplies. The army took seven months to reach Kīngitanga's agricultural base at Rangiaowhia, near Te Awamutu. As they outflanked formidable modern pā at Meremere and Pāterangi, later capturing the undermanned pā at Rangiriri.

    Kīngitanga's force led by Rewi Maniapoto, who was defeated at Ōrākau, had an incomplete pā that was chosen poorly. Cameron then tried to crush the supporter holding Pukehinahina, "The Gate of Pā", at Tauranga. This failed disastrously, but two months later, The British got their revenge nearby Te Ranga.

    The Ōrākau defeat, also known as 'Rewi's last stand' brought the Waikato War to an end. The British had made no attempt to cross a new aukati on the border, which is now known as the King Country. Instead, they turned their attention to Tauranga.

    Treaty of Waitangi[edit | edit source]

    The Treaty of Waitangi was commenced on the 6th of Feburary 1840. Te Tiriti o Waitangi was signed at Waitangi in the Bay of Islands, by Captain William Hobson and several other English residents between 43 and 46 Māori rangatira. The British Crown was considering to establish a form of civil government in New Zealand, due to the increasing number of British people who were coming to live in New Zealand. The plan for private settlement by the New Zealand Company had forced the British Government to act. It was commenced by Captain William Hobson to act for the British Crown to negotiate a treaty on the grounds. This would be necessary to obtain Māori consent before establishing any form of government.

    After signing at Waitangi, the Treaty was taken around Northland to obtain additional Māori signatures. Copies were sent around the rest of the country for signing, and by the end of that year, over 500 Māori had signed the Treaty. The english text was signed only at Waikato Heads at Manukau by 39 rangatira aswell.

    Sovereignty proclaimed over New Zealand, as of 21st of May, the North Island on the basis of cession through the Treaty of Waitangi and over the southern islands by right of discovery. The agreement for Māori terms was still being sought. Hobson may have wanted to declare the Crown's authority over the whole country, as for learning of all of New Zealand's possible moves made by the New Zealand Company. It was to be set up in Cook Strait, but his deputy, Major Thomas Bunbury, made proclamations of sovereignty over Stewart Island on the 5th of june, right by discovery. (No Māori was to be found.)

    The Wairau incident[edit | edit source]

    Europeans and Māori had clashed in Wairau Valley, located in the north-east of the South Island in June 1843. Local Māori denied selling land within the valley to the New Zealand Company, to where a group led by Te Rauparaha and Te Rangihaeata disrupted the surveryors. This party was led by Nelson's police magistraate, Henry Thompson, and the New Zealand Company representative, Arthur Wakefield. They set out to arrest them, but a musket accidentally went off and a wife of Te Rangihaeata was killed. This caused a break out, and up to five more Māori were killed; 22 Europeans were killed, including nine who had surrended.

    Heke cuts down the flagpole[edit | edit source]

    Hone Heke attacked the Union Jack flagstaff at Kororāreka four times between July 1844 and March 1845. He saw the flag as a symbol that the Māori had lost their status and their country to the British. Hone Heke in reply, attacked the flagstaff and brung it down. This struck the British soverignty, without affecting settlers or the economic benefits of trade. However, after the flagstaff was felled in March 1845, Kororāreka was sacked and pillaged. Their buildings burnt down, as the townsfolk were evacuated to Auckland.

    France bombs The Rainbow Warrior[edit | edit source]

    On the 10th of July 1985, The Greenpeace ship that was moored in Auckland, which was ready to confront French Nuclear Testing in Moruroa Atoll was bombed. The Captain, Pete Willcox and many other crew members were asleep, after celebrating on the ship a night prior. A few others, such as the photographer Fernando Pereira, were chatting around the mess-room table, sharing between them the last two bottles of beer.

    The boat was later bombed, killing Fernando Pereira. The Rainbow Warrior had been involved within the many protests over the French Nuclear Testing in the Pacific. The spys, DGSE (French Secret Service) were sent to prevent it from leaving for another protest campaign. The two DSGE officers, Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart, were arrested on the 24th of July.

    France threatened New Zealand after imprisoning both the agents, and had used New Zealand's access to the important European Economic Community market, and boycotted their exports. The New Zealanders had the similar manner, eventually the countries soon agreed to allow the United Nations to mediate the settlement.

    France later apologised and a compensation of $13 million from France, and ordered not to interfere with New Zealand's trade negotiations. Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart were to serve their sentences in a full on Hao Atoll in French Polynesia. When they were soon let out, Alain Mafart returned to France because of an 'illness' while Dominique Prieur was repatriated because she had gotten pregnant. The two were decoated and promoted upon their way home.

    Politics[edit | edit source]

    Government[edit | edit source]

    Diplomacy[edit | edit source]

    Organizations and Affiliations[edit | edit source]

    Geography[edit | edit source]

    Relationship[edit | edit source]

    Family[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    Neutral[edit | edit source]

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    Opinions[edit | edit source]

    United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

    ❝ Though you are always sipping your tea, you are a really good Parent. Sometimes you can get very judgmental though! Tēnā rawa atu koe, koro.❞

    New Zealand's thoughts about United Kingdom

    New Zealand and United Kingdom aren't together much or spending time, New Zealand is somewhat always there to help out. Though, they are passed on to keep Australia out of trouble, New Zealand cares for their parents as much as they care about them. They just wish their parents could get off the addiction of tea and come out and play once and awhile!

    Australia[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My twin sibling? Oh, they're so cool! I've looked up at them back and forth! Though, i really do wish sometimes we could hang out more. I sometimes get jealous they are always hanging out with someone else, but whatever can make them happy, I'll do it! I just. I wish sometimes i could be just like them, and not be left behind so much.❞

    New Zealand's thoughts about Australia

    Just like Australia, New Zealand and Australia are back to back. New Zealand will be there just like how their sibling is there for them.

    France[edit | edit source]

    ❝ Though France has somewhat, been there for me. I still can't forgive and forget what you did to me that very day. I sometimes even think about it, but i gotta let go some day. France can be sweet, kind-hearted, and i know that they have changed. Though, my image back then still stands, nothing else will change it!❞

    New Zealand's thoughts about France

    France and New Zealand are indeed nice and caring for each other, but New Zealand does have some factors that make them mad. Such as the Rainbow Warrior incident, New Zealand cannot let go of the many promotions given to the ones that had killed the innocent man. But, New Zealand knows not to hold grudges, slowly forgiving and letting the kind-hearted France back in.

    Netherlands[edit | edit source]

    ❝ Though we had a rough beginning, I'm sure we're on fine terms now! We've had a strong friendship, and I'm sure we'll thrive and be there for eachother.❞

    New Zealand's thoughts about Netherlands

    Though starting off rough, New Zealand and Netherlands have been there for eachother for knows how long. Even if they started off a bit rocky and so on. Netherlands will have New Zealand's back like no other.

    Tonga[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My dancing partner in crime! We've always been there, and we can always be there supporting me. I'll never forget all the fun times we've had set up for each other! I will never ever let go of those memories for as long as i exist.❞

    New Zealand's thoughts about Tonga

    Tonga and New Zealand, seen as dancing friends in crime, celebrate their culture each week. These weeks celebrate each other's culture no matter what. With Tonga celebrating Maori Traditions and New Zealand celebrating Tonga's traditions. They cannot let go of each other, even if you try to. They are stuck like glue!

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    Extra(s)[edit | edit source]

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