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    Ottoman Empire

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    Ottoman Empire was historically and colloquially the Turkish Empire, was an empire that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Turkoman tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe and, with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire.

    Description[edit | edit source]

    Appearance[edit | edit source]

    Ottoman Empire is more male dominated character, female variants are rare. They usually are shown wearing some kind of military or traditional clothing. This can include 'mintan' (vest or short jacket), 'zıbın', 'şalvar' (trousers), 'kuşak' (a sash), 'potur', an entari or kaftan (a long robe), 'kalpak', 'sarık' on the head; 'çarık', çizme (boots), 'çedik', 'Yemeni' on the feet. They can be seen wearing caftans with fur lining and embroidery, and sometimes could be drawn with 'cübbe'. (mid-length robe) Ottoman usually has rings or indications of wealth with them.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    Ottoman Empire usually doesn't care what others do unless it affects them. They love money and power and deeply cares about their people. But they are also good at controlling their people- enough to keep power and control but also gives them enough freedom (because he loves them- and it helps stop revolutions before they even happen!)

    Ottoman Empire is very stubborn and always gets what he wants. This can make them come off as arrogant, spoiled and selfish at times. They have perfected the art of maintaining power and intimidating others. The Ottoman can be seen as wise, since they are one of the older empires to exist. They are very cunning and analytic, especially when it comes to the military or their enemies. The Ottoman usually don't attack or retaliate without careful consideration and calculation first.

    The Ottoman Empire loves inventing, learning and experimenting with new ideas, technologies, art, science and medicine. At the same time, they love expanding their power, territories and influence.

    Flag meaning[edit | edit source]

    Color, meaning HEX RGB
    #C10000 193, 0, 0
    #FFFFFF 255, 255, 255

    Other Symbols[edit | edit source]

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    Origins of languages[edit | edit source]

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    Preferences[edit | edit source]

    Likes[edit | edit source]

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    Dislikes[edit | edit source]

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    Nicknames[edit | edit source]

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    Etymology[edit | edit source]

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    Organizations and Affiliations[edit | edit source]

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    History[edit | edit source]

    Origins[edit | edit source]

    Osman I, a leader of the Turkish tribes in Anatolia, founded the Ottoman Empire around 1299. The term “Ottoman” is derived from Osman’s name, which was “Uthman” in Arabic.

    The Ottoman Turks set up a formal government and expanded their territory under the leadership of Osman I, Orhan, Murad I and Bayezid I. In 1453, Mehmed II the Conqueror led the Ottoman Turks in seizing the ancient city of Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire’s capital. This put an end to the 1,000-year reign of the Byzantine Empire. Sultan Mehmed renamed the city Istanbul and made it the new capital of the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul became a dominant international center of trade and culture. Mehmed died in 1481. His oldest son, Bayezid II, became the new Sultan.

    Rise of the empire[edit | edit source]

    By 1517, Bayezid’s son, Selim I, brought Syria, Arabia, Palestine and Egypt under Ottoman control. The Ottoman Empire reached its peak between 1520 and 1566, during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. This period was marked by great power, stability and wealth. Suleiman created a uniform system of law and welcomed different forms of arts and literature. Many Muslims considered Suleiman a religious leader as well as a political ruler. Throughout Sultan Suleiman’s rule, the empire expanded and included areas of Eastern Europe.

    Big achievements/inventions[edit | edit source]

    The Ottomans were known for their achievements in art, science and medicine. Istanbul and other major cities throughout the empire were recognized as artistic hubs, especially during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. Some of the most popular forms of art included calligraphy, painting, poetry, textiles and carpet weaving, ceramics and music. Ottoman architecture also helped define the culture of the time. Elaborate mosques and public buildings were constructed during this period.

    Science was regarded as an important field of study. The Ottomans learned and practiced advanced mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, physics, geography and chemistry. Additionally, some of the greatest advances in medicine were made by the Ottomans. They invented several surgical instruments that are still used today, such as forceps, catheters, scalpels, pincers and lancets.

    Policies and Royal Family[edit | edit source]

    Under Sultan Selim, a new policy emerged, which included fratricide, or the murder of brothers. When a new Sultan was crowned, his brothers would be imprisoned. When the Sultan’s first son was born, his brothers and their sons would be killed. This system ensured that the rightful heir would take the throne. But, not every Sultan followed this harsh ritual. Over time, the practice evolved. In the later years, the brothers would only be put in prison—not killed.

    A total of 36 Sultans ruled the Ottoman Empire between 1299 and 1922. For many of these years, the Ottoman Sultan would live in the elaborate Topkapi palace complex in Istanbul. It contained dozens of gardens, courtyards and residential and administrative buildings. Part of the Topkapi palace included the harem, a separate quarters reserved for wives, concubines and female slaves. These women were positioned to serve the Sultan, while the men in the harem complex were typically eunuchs. The threat of assassination was always a concern for a Sultan. He relocated every night as a safety measure.

    Decline of the empire[edit | edit source]

    Starting in the 1600s, the Ottoman Empire began to lose its economic and military dominance over Europe. Around this time, Europe had strengthened rapidly with the Renaissance and the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. Other factors, such as poor leadership and having to compete with trade from the Americas and India, led to the weakening of the empire. In 1683, the Ottoman Turks were defeated at the Battle of Vienna. This loss added to their already waning status.

    Over the next hundred years, the empire began to lose key regions of land. After a revolt, Greece won its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. In 1878, the Congress of Berlin declared the independence of Romania, Serbia and Bulgaria. During the Balkan Wars, which took place in 1912 and 1913, the Ottoman Empire lost nearly all its territories in Europe.

    The fall[edit | edit source]

    At the start of World War I, the Ottoman Empire was already in decline. The Ottoman army entered the war in 1914 on the side of the Central Powers (including Germany and Austria-Hungary) and was defeated in October 1918. Following the Armistice of Mudros, most Ottoman territories were divided between Britain, France, Greece and Russia.

    The Ottoman Empire officially ended in 1922 when the title of Ottoman Sultan was eliminated. Turkey was declared a republic on October 29, 1923, when Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938), an army officer, founded the independent Republic of Turkey. He then served as Turkey’s first president from 1923 until his death in 1938, implementing reforms that rapidly secularized and westernized the country.

    Politics[edit | edit source]

    Devshirme[edit | edit source]

    In the 14th century, the devshirme system was created. This required conquered Christians to give up 20 percent of their male children to the state. The children were forced to convert to Islam and become slaves. Although they served as slaves, some of the converts became powerful and wealthy. Many were trained for government service or the Ottoman military. The elite military group, known as the Janissaries, was primarily made up of forced Christian converts. The devshirme system lasted until the end of the 17th century.

    Other religions/ethnic groups[edit | edit source]

    Most scholars agree that the Ottoman Turk rulers were tolerant of other religions. Those who weren’t Muslim were categorized by the millet system, a community structure that gave minority groups a limited amount of power to control their own affairs while still under Ottoman rule. Some millets paid taxes, while others were exempt.

    Armenian Genocide[edit | edit source]

    Technically not politics but there's laws in Turkey about it today.

    The Armenian Genocide was perhaps the most controversial and damning event associated with the Ottomans. In 1915, Turkish leaders made a plan to massacre Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire. Most scholars believe that about 1.5 million Armenians were killed. For years, the Turkish government has denied responsibility for the genocide. In fact, it’s illegal, even today, to talk about the Armenian Genocide in Turkey.

    Geography[edit | edit source]

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    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Family[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    Neutral[edit | edit source]

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Austrian Empire - "Stop resisting, I'm staying by your precious Vienna."
    • Russian Empire - "You want my land come and take it! Wait no- I'LL GET YOU BACK FOR THIS!"
    • Prussia - "I'd like to see you try to make me move. I like a good fight."

    Opinions[edit | edit source]

    Russian Empire[edit | edit source]

    ❝ You really want to go, huh? You really want more land? Well you can't have it. Ha! Speaking of, I beat you once before, what are you going to do? Get Austrian Empire or German Empire to help you? I'd like to see that- since it's never going to happen! You do have a big army though.❞

    Ottoman Empire's thoughts on Russian Empire

    Russo-Turkish wars, series of wars between Russia and the Ottoman Empire in the 17th–19th century. The wars reflected the decline of the Ottoman Empire and resulted in the gradual southward extension of Russia’s frontier and influence into Ottoman territory. The wars took place in 1676–81, 1687, 1689, 1695–96, 1710–12 (part of the Great Northern War), 1735–39, 1768–74, 1787–91, 1806–12, 1828–29, 1853–56 (the Crimean War), and 1877–78. As a result of these wars, Russia was able to extend its European frontiers southward to the Black Sea, southwestward to the Prut River, and south of the Caucasus Mountains in Asia.

    The early Russo-Turkish Wars were mostly sparked by Russia’s attempts to establish a warm-water port on the Black Sea, which lay in Turkish hands. The first war (1676–81) was fought without success in Ukraine west of the Dnieper River by Russia, which renewed the war with failed invasions of Crimea in 1687 and 1689. In the war of 1695–96, the Russian tsar Peter I the Great’s forces succeeded in capturing the fortress of Azov. In 1710 Turkey entered the Northern War against Russia, and after Peter the Great’s attempt to liberate the Balkans from Ottoman rule ended in defeat at the Prut River (1711), he was forced to return Azov to Turkey. War again broke out in 1735, with Russia and Austria in alliance against Turkey. The Russians successfully invaded Turkish-held Moldavia, but their Austrian allies were defeated in the field, and as a result the Russians obtained almost nothing in the Treaty of Belgrade (September 18, 1739).

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Trivia[edit | edit source]

    • Ottomans invented currently used surgical instruments such as forceps, scalpels, and catheters
    • The capture of Constantinople by the Ottomans caused many scholars to flee to Italy and bring with them knowledge that helped spark the Renaissance
    • Europeans have given Suleiman the moniker "The Magnificent", but he was called "The Lawgiver" by his own subjects

    Extra(s)[edit | edit source]

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    References[edit | edit source]

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