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    Portugal

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    Portugal officially The Portuguese Republic is a country in the southwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. Bordered by Spain to the north and east.

    Portugal is not that well-known in the fandom but is slowly coming to popularity mostly due to its neighbors and their former self.

    Description[edit | edit source]

    Appearance[edit | edit source]

    Portugal can be seen in casual business attire and casual clothes.

    Their body can be all red, but also sometimes the left arm can be green; due to the flags stripes.

    Personality[edit | edit source]

    Portugal is a rather kind country person, but sometimes they are angry and cold. They're very angry with their parents and grandparents. Depression attacks because of insults that Brazil and other countries do because of their parents and grandparents is something common in their life

    Interests[edit | edit source]

    On the stereotypes of Portuguese people is that they like Colfsih (which they do) but some disagree with the idea. They also like wine, tea, music (like the traditional Fado and Pimba), their national food, sports and much more.

    Nicknames[edit | edit source]

    • Portu/Fortune
    • Lusitania
    • The land of the three F’s
    • The Iberian Peninsula
    • The Rectangle
    • PorchGosh

    Origin Of The Language[edit | edit source]

    The Portuguese language developed in the Western Iberian Peninsula from Latin spoken by Roman soldiers and colonists starting in the 3rd century BC. By the 13th century, Galician-Portuguese had become a mature language with its own literature and began to split into two languages

    Etymology[edit | edit source]

    The word Portugal derives from the Roman-Celtic place name Portus Cale. Cale or Cailleach was the name of a Celtic deity and the name of an early settlement located at the mouth of the Douro River (present-day Vila Nova de Gaia), which flows into the Atlantic Ocean in the north of what is now Portugal.

    History[edit | edit source]

    Romanization[edit | edit source]

    The Iberian peninsula got conquered by the Draft:Roman Empire in 218 BC during the Second Punic War, it was occupied by the Romans for decades which reshaped and adopted its language, writing system and cultures.

    German Invasion[edit | edit source]

    In 409, with the decline of the Draft:Roman Empire, the Iberian Peninsula was occupied by Germanic tribes that the Romans referred to as barbarians. In 411, with a federation contract with Emperor Honorius, many of these people settled in Hispania. An important group was made up of the Suebi and Vandals in Gallaecia, who founded a Suebi Kingdom with its capital in Braga

    Al-Andalus[edit | edit source]

    Al-Andalus was the name of the Iberian Peninsula, given by the Moors during the Middle Ages. At its greatest geographical extent, its territory occupied most of the peninsula and a part of present-day.

    Reconquista[edit | edit source]

    The Reconquista, was a period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711, the expansion of the Christian kingdoms throughout Hispania, and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada in 1492.

    Creation Of The County Of Portugal[edit | edit source]

    The County of Portugal refers to two successive medieval counties in the region around Braga and Porto, today corresponding to littoral northern Portugal, within which the identity of the Portuguese people formed.

    Kingdom Of Portugal[edit | edit source]

    At the end of the 11th century, the Burgundian knight Henry became count of Portugal and defended its independence by merging the County of Portugal and the County of Coimbra. It has captured Sri Lanka, East Timor, Brazil, some parts of Morocco, Angola, Mozambique, Macau, Guinea-Bissau, some parts of Indonesia, India and the northern part of the Philippines (Luzon and Visayas).

    Naval Exploration Of The Portuguese Empire (15th-16th Century)[edit | edit source]

    Portugal's goal was to sail all over the world to spread Christianity like the File:Spainish Empire-Pictogram.png Spanish Empire following the leading European powers; England and France. It occupied and founded Brazil. The Empire also landed in Asia which is in Taiwan, Japan, China, the Philippines, and Indonesia.

    Portuguese Restoration War[edit | edit source]

    The Spanish king Philip IV attempted on making Portugal as a Spanish province and the Portuguese lost the war. However they still maintain their allegiances with Spain.

    From 1641 to 1668 the two nations were at war, with Spain seeking to isolate Portugal militarily and diplomatically and Portugal hoping to find the resources to maintain its independence through political alliances and colonial income.

    The military aspects of the war fall into three periods: an early stage when a few major engagements demonstrated that the Portuguese could not be easily returned to submission; a long second period (1646–1660) of military standoffs characterized by small-scale raiding, while Spain concentrated on its military commitments elsewhere in Europe; and a final period (1660–1668) during which the Spanish king Philip IV unsuccessfully sought a major engagement that would bring an end to hostilities.

    Pombaline Era[edit | edit source]

    In 1738, Sebastião de Melo, the talented son of a Lisbon squire, began a diplomatic career as the Portuguese Ambassador in London and later in Vienna. The Queen consort of Portugal, Archduchess Maria Anne Josefa of Austria (Austrian Empire), was fond of Melo; and after his first wife died, she arranged the widowed de Melo's second marriage to the daughter of the Austrian Field Marshal Leopold Josef, Count von Daun. King John V of Portugal, however, was not pleased and recalled Melo to Portugal in 1749. John V died the following year and his son, Joseph I of Portugal was crowned. In contrast to his father, Joseph I was fond of de Melo, and with the Queen Mother's approval, he appointed Melo as Minister of Foreign Affairs. As the King's confidence in de Melo increased, the King entrusted him with more control of the state.

    By 1755, Sebastião de Melo was made Prime Minister. Impressed by British economic success he had witnessed while Ambassador, he successfully implemented similar economic policies in Portugal. He abolished slavery in Portugal and in the Portuguese colonies in India; reorganized the army and the navy; restructured the University of Coimbra, and ended discrimination against different Christian sects in Portugal.

    Disaster fell upon Portugal in the morning of 1 November 1755, when Lisbon was struck by a violent earthquake with an estimated Richter scale magnitude of 9. The city was razed to the ground by the earthquake and the subsequent tsunami and ensuing fires. Sebastião de Melo survived by a stroke of luck and then immediately embarked on rebuilding the city, with his famous quote: "What now? We bury the dead and feed the living."

    Following the earthquake, Joseph I gave his Prime Minister even more power, and Sebastião de Melo became a powerful, progressive dictator. As his power grew, his enemies increased in number, and bitter disputes with the high nobility became frequent. In 1758 Joseph I was wounded in an attempted assassination. The Távora family and the Duke of Aveiro were implicated and executed after a quick trial. The Jesuits were expelled from the country and their assets confiscated by the crown. Sebastião de Melo showed no mercy and prosecuted every person involved, even women and children. This was the final stroke that broke the power of the aristocracy and ensured the victory of the Minister against his enemies. Based upon his swift resolve, Joseph I made his loyal minister Count of Oeiras in 1759.

    Portuguese Invasion Of Spain[edit | edit source]

    In 1707, as part of the War of the Spanish Succession, a joint Portuguese, Dutch, and British army, led by the Marquis of Minas, António Luís de Sousa, conquered Madrid and acclaimed the Archduke Charles of Austria as King Charles III of Spain. Along the route to Madrid, the army led by the Marquis of Minas was successful in conquering Ciudad Rodrigo and Salamanca. Later in the following year, Madrid was reconquered by Spanish troops loyal to the Bourbons.

    The Ghost War[edit | edit source]

    In 1762, France and Spain tried to urge Portugal to join the Bourbon Family Compact by claiming that United Kingdom (Great Britian) had become too powerful due to its successes in the Seven Years' War. Joseph refused to accept and maintained that his 1704 alliance with United Kingdom was no threat.

    In spring 1762, Spanish and French troops invaded Portugal from the north as far as the Douro, while a second column sponsored the Siege of Almeida, captured the city, and threatened to advance on Lisbon. The arrival of a force of British troops helped the Portuguese army commanded by the Count of Lippe by blocking the Franco-Spanish advance and driving them back across the border following the Battle of Valencia de Alcántara. At the Treaty of Paris in 1763, Spain agreed to hand Almeida back to Portugal.

    First Republic[edit | edit source]

    The First Portuguese Republic spans a complex 16-year period in the history of Portugal, between the end of the period of constitutional monarchy marked by the 5 October 1910 revolution and the 28 May 1926 coup d'état. The latter movement instituted a military dictatorship known as Ditadura Nacional (national dictatorship) that would be followed by the corporatist Estado Novo (new state) regime of António de Oliveira Salazar.

    The sixteen years of the First Republic saw nine presidents and 44 ministries, and were altogether more of a transition between the Kingdom of Portugal and the Estado Novo than they were a coherent period of governance.

    World War II[edit | edit source]

    At the start of World War II in 1939, the Portuguese Government announced on 1 September that the 550-year-old Anglo-Portuguese Alliance remained intact, but since the British did not seek Portuguese assistance, Portugal was free to remain neutral in the war and would do so. In an aide-mémoire of 5 September 1939, the British Government confirmed the understanding. As Adolf Hitler's occupation swept across Europe, neutral Portugal became one of Europe's last escape routes. Portugal was able to maintain its neutrality until 1944, when a military agreement was signed to give the United States permission to establish a military base in Santa Maria in the Azores and thus its status changed to non-belligerent in favour of the Allies.

    Colonies[edit | edit source]

    The Portuguese colonized parts of South America (such as Brazil, Colonia de Sacramento, Uruguay, and Guanare, Venezuela.

    Third Republic[edit | edit source]

    The Third Portuguese Republic is a period in the history of Portugal corresponding to the current democratic regime installed after the Carnation Revolution of 25 April 1974, that put an end to the paternal autocratic regime of Estado Novo of António de Oliveira Salazar and Marcello Caetano. It was initially characterized by constant instability and was threatened by the possibility of a civil war during the early post-revolutionary years. A new constitution was drafted, censorship was prohibited, free speech declared, political prisoners were released and major Estado Novo institutions were closed. Eventually the country granted independence to its African colonies and begun a process of democratization that led to the accession of Portugal to the EEC (today's European Union) in 1986.

    Modern Portugal[edit | edit source]

    Organizations And Affiliations[edit | edit source]

    Politics[edit | edit source]

    Government[edit | edit source]

    The Government of Portugal is one of the four sovereignty bodies of the Portuguese Republic, together with the President of the Republic, the Assembly of the Republic and the courts. It is both the body of sovereignty that conducts the general politics of the country and the superior body of the Portuguese public administration.

    Diplomacy[edit | edit source]

    Geography[edit | edit source]

    Portugal is located on the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula and plateau, that divides the inland Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. It is located on the Atlantic coast of this plateau and crossed by several rivers which have their origin in Spain.

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Family[edit | edit source]

    Optional[edit | edit source]

    Note:
    This may hold controversial if used for their historical relations (Specially European countries towards current Western countries due to former European colonies).
    This is an optional family part-taken and you do not need to follow this list.

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    • United Kingdom - "My good old friend, we shared a long history together, we hang out so often."
    • France - "My sibling, they're a good person, they also like to visit me and bring wine with them."
    • Spain - "My dear sibling and also neighbor, previously, we fought so often and were colonial rivals, but then we realized that this hostility is pointless."
    • United States - "My nibling, they're an economic partner and a good friend, they also let me in NATO and European Union, yet sometimes they're rude, and I don't like it when they start making jokes about Europe. But they did help me in the past."
    • Germany - "One of my friends. I love to eat their burgers."
    • Italy - "A good friend. We love to ride the waves on surfboards together and drink Italian wine together."
    • India - "We're good trading partners, although Goa is my child as well, don't be selfish they weren't only yours"
    • Brazil - "They're my child in the South Americas, they have delicious cuisines and are very kind"
    • Sri Lanka - "They're my sweet child but they don't believe that I'm their parent; rather believe that they're their real parent"
    • East Timor

    Neutral[edit | edit source]

    • Russia - "Others always tell me that you're bad, but when I got to know you better, you don't really seem like that. And thanks for the 2018 FIFA World Cup! But doesn't Crimea belong to Ukraine?"

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    • Morocco
    • Indonesia - "Leave my child alone! They deserve peace and freedom and you don't have any rights to intervene with that!"

    Past Versions[edit | edit source]

    Opinion[edit | edit source]

    Spain[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My rival Siblings, we do tend to get along and sometimes don't but they are a good person! I love them very much as my sibling and we do everything together. Besides, we're the Iberian bros!❞

    Portugal's thoughts about Spain

    United Kingdom[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My best friends, funny how we're enemies in the past and now we're friends. You admit that you love tea but don't go full on yourself because i heard that it can be bad for you.❞

    Portugal's thoughts about United Kingdom

    France[edit | edit source]

    ❝ Hmm, our relations are somewhat okay but i mostly see them hang out with my twin and talk about fashions. We don't hang out often but their people tend to visit my land. I appreciate that.❞

    Portugal's thoughts about France

    Canada[edit | edit source]

    ❝ They had a rough past with their family, especially with their parent. I do tried on making them better but they misses them way too much. I feel sorry for them.❞

    Portugal's thoughts about Canada

    United States[edit | edit source]

    ❝ Now i see why Britain sees you a chaotic child. You bug other people's businesses and you like to get involved into problems. You're a energetic fella but maybe decrease your social things with other people?❞

    Portugal's thoughts about United States

    Romania[edit | edit source]

    ❝ A cool vampire friend of mine! They visits me often and we're trading partners even from way back in the ancient times!❞

    Portugal's thoughts about Romania

    Brazil[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My childs that loves memes and says "HUE" all the time. They often bugged me by that cursed word! I'm glad to see you as a successful country. I love you deeply my childs. I'm very proud.❞

    Portugal's thoughts about Brazil

    Sri Lanka[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My sweet child, believe me that i am your real parents! not that tea loving freak! You almost forgot about your past that gave me a heart attack! But we're cool now. Glad that your people visits me and we often hang out. Just please believe me!

    Portugal's thoughts about Sri Lanka

    East Timor[edit | edit source]

    ❝ One of my childs but they's are located in Asia. They hated me in the past and that monstro hurt them! Finally they's are a independent country. I'm happy to see that they became a successful country. They even let Portuguese as their official language!❞

    Portugal's thoughts about East Timor

    Angola[edit | edit source]

    ❝ My childs. I'm really sorry about the past, where i hurt you and your people, I really do. In the modern days I'm one of their largest trading partner and aid donor. Sometimes i get the feeling that they's are holding a grudge against me.❞

    Portugal's thoughts about Angola

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Fan-art[edit | edit source]

    Flags/Symbols[edit | edit source]

    States[edit | edit source]

    Trivia[edit | edit source]

    • Half of the "New World" once belonged to Portugal
    • The File:Portugese Empire-Pictogram.pngPortuguese Empire was actually the first global empire in history. It was also one of the longest-lived colonial powers, lasting for almost six centuries from when File:Ceuta-Pictogram.png Ceuta was captured in 1415 until Macau (now China) was handed over in 1999.
    • Portuguese is the official language of nine other countries, Portugal has had the same defined borders since 1139, making it the oldest nation-state in Europe. Afonso Henriques was proclaimed the first King of Portugal in 1139, and the country remained a kingdom for almost 800 years thereafter until a successful 1910 revolution by the Portuguese Republican Party.
    • Portugal is the largest Cork producer in the world
    • One of the oldest universities in Europe is Portugal
    • Portugal and England have the longest diplomatic alliance in the world
    • Portugal is one of the World's Top Surf Sports
    • File:Lisbon-Pictogram.png Lisbon was hit by one of the most powerful earthquakes in European history
    • Portuguese Fado music is an intangible cultural heritage
    • Portugal was the first colonial power to abolish slavery
    • The page Portugal actually has the oldest file on this wiki

    Extra(s)[edit | edit source]

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    Links[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

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